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Title: Prevalence of coronary heart disease and major cardiovascular risk factors in Thailand
Authors: Pyatat Tatsanavivat
Virat Klungboonkrong
Aroon Chirawatkul
Kiertijai Bhuripanyo
Anon Manmontri
Hatai Chitanondh
Tada Yipintsoi
Khon Kaen University
Mahidol University
Chiang Mai University
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Prince of Songkla University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1998
Citation: International Journal of Epidemiology. Vol.27, No.3 (1998), 405-409
Abstract: Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is expected to become one of the major health problems in developing countries such as Thailand where prevalence data are scarce. This study reports the prevalence of CHD, as indicated by electrocardiogram (ECG) Minnesota coding, and its risk factors in Thailand. Methods: In 1991 we conducted a cross-sectional ECG survey in a multistage random sample of the Thai population, aged ≤ 30. All major cardiovascular risk factors were measured. Standard supine 12-lead ECG data were collected; amplitudes and intervals were measured manually and entered into a computer. Abnormal tracings were verified by five cardiologists, and agreement among at least three of them was accepted as final. Results: The total sample included 3822 men and 4967 women aged ≤ 30 years. The age-standardized prevalence rate of CHD was 9.9/1000 (men 9.2/1000, women 10.7/1000). The age-standardized level of major cardiovascular risk factors among men and women respectively were: total cholesterol 4.8 mmol/l (187.3 mg/dl), 5.1 mmol/l (197.7 mg/dl); hypercholesterolaemia (≤ 6.2 mmol/l) 12.2%, 16.9%; systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 117.8, 117.7; diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 76.9, 75.8; body mass index (kg/m2) 21.7, 22.8; fasting blood sugar 4.8 mmol/l (87.9 mg/dl), 5.0 mmol/l (90.3 mg/dl); hypertension (≤ 160/95 ± on antihypertensive drugs) 6.3%, 8.1%; smoking 65.1%, 8.5%; diabetes mellitus (≤ 7.8 mmol/l) 2.4%, 3.7%; obesity (> 25 kg/m2) 15.2%, 27.2%. Conclusion: Most of the age-adjusted mean values and proportion of major cardiovascular disease risk factors as well as the prevalence of total CHD in the Thai population were much lower than the median of those values found in developing countries.
ISSN: 03005771
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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