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Title: Larval settlement of the tropical abalone, Haliotis asinina Linnaeus, using natural and artificial chemical inducers
Authors: Praphaporn Stewart
Nantawan Soonklang
Michael J. Stewart
Chaitip Wanichanon
Peter J. Hanna
Tanes Poomtong
Prasert Sobhon
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University
Deakin University
The Coastal Fisheries Research and Development Center
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2008
Citation: Aquaculture Research. Vol.39, No.11 (2008), 1181-1189
Abstract: Many kinds of chemical and biological materials have been used as inducers of settlement of abalone larvae, as well as other species of marine gastropods, with responses being highly variable, even to the same chemical cue. The present study tested chemical inducers, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), δ-aminovaleric acid (5-AVA) and l-glutamic acid (GA) and the effects they have on larval settlement of Haliotis asinina. Additionally, a relatively inexpensive commercial substance, monosodium glutamate (MSG), was trialed. The datum provided shows all chemicals to be active inducers of settlement in this study, in order of effectiveness of 5-AVA, GABA, MSG to GA. Induction as adjudged from larval numbers settled was best at 6 h 62%, with 10-1mM 5-AVA. At 24 h, induction was the highest at 78% when exposed to 10-2mM 5-AVA. Larvae that were allowed to settle up to 72 h showed the highest numbers of settled larvae, and declined back to 60% when exposed to 10-25-AVA and 10-1mM GABA respectively. Monosodium glutamate, although third in settlement standings would bypass the other chemicals, with regard to cost versus yield. The assessment of settlement surface, rough or smooth proved to be irrelevant, which had no significant impact on larval settlement. © 2008 The Authors.
ISSN: 13652109
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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