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Title: Anti-lipopolysaccharide factors from the black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, are encoded by two genomic loci
Authors: Sirinit Tharntada
Kunlaya Somboonwiwat
Vichien Rimphanitchayakit
Anchalee Tassanakajon
Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2008
Citation: Fish and Shellfish Immunology. Vol.24, No.1 (2008), 46-54
Abstract: Different isoforms of the ALF homologues (ALFPm1-5) have been previously identified from Penaeus monodon expressed sequence tag (EST) database ( The nucleotide and amino acid sequences of the P. monodon ALF homologues were analyzed and categorized into two groups, ALFPm1 and 2 in group A and ALFPm3-5 in group B. The genomic sequences of the two ALF gene groups were obtained by using the PCR and genome walking techniques. The ALF group A gene consisted of three exons interrupted by two introns whereas the ALF group B gene contained four exons interrupted by three introns. The alignment of genomic sequences with the ALF cDNA sequences revealed that different transcripts in both groups were generated by alternative RNA splicing of the pre-mRNA transcripts. The 5′ upstream sequences of the two ALF groups contained the putative cis-regulatory elements, including the activator protein 1, the Octamer, the GATA, the nuclear factor-kappaB, and the GAAA motifs, which possibly promoted transcription in response to infection as in other antimicrobial peptide genes. The RT-PCR analysis revealed that although all ALF isoforms were expressed in individual shrimp, the ALFPm2 and 3 were the major or authentic ALFs in the hemocytes. The expression of both ALFPm2 and 3 were increased in response to Vibrio harveyi infection indicating the important function of the ALFs against bacterial invasion. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 10959947
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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