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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/18837
Title: A genetically hard-wired metabolic transcriptome in Plasmodium falciparum fails to mount protective responses to lethal antifolates
Authors: Karthikeyan Ganesan
Napawan Ponmee
Lei Jiang
Joseph W. Fowble
John White
Sumalee Kamchonwongpaisan
Yongyuth Yuthavong
Prapon Wilairat
Pradipsinh K. Rathod
University of Washington, Seattle
Mahidol University
Thailand National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Orchid Research Laboratories Limited
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2008
Citation: PLoS Pathogens. Vol.4, No.11 (2008)
Abstract: Genome sequences of Plasmodium falciparum allow for global analysis of drug responses to antimalarial agents. It was of interest to learn how DNA microarrays may be used to study drug action in malaria parasites. In one large, tightly controlled study involving 123 microarray hybridizations between cDNA from isogenic drug-sensitive and drug-resistant parasites, a lethal antifolate (WR99210) failed to over-produce RNA for the genetically proven principal target, dihydrofolate reductasethymidylate synthase (DHFR-TS). This transcriptional rigidity carried over to metabolically related RNA encoding folate and pyrimidine biosynthesis, as well as to the rest of the parasite genome. No genes were reproducibly up-regulated by more than 2-fold until 24 h after initial drug exposure, even though clonal viability decreased by 50% within 6 h. We predicted and showed that while the parasites do not mount protective transcriptional responses to antifolates in real time, P. falciparum cells transfected with human DHFR gene, and adapted to long-term WR99210 exposure, adjusted the hard-wired transcriptome itself to thrive in the presence of the drug. A system-wide incapacity for changing RNA levels in response to specific metabolic perturbations may contribute to selective vulnerabilities of Plasmodium falciparum to lethal antimetabolites. In addition, such regulation affects how DNA microarrays are used to understand the mode of action of antimetabolites. © 2008 Ganesan et al.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=57149109574&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/18837
ISSN: 15537374
15537366
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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