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dc.contributor.authorS. Thamthiankul Chankhamhaengdechaen_US
dc.contributor.authorA. Tantichodoken_US
dc.contributor.authorWatanalai Panbangreden_US
dc.contributor.otherMahidol Universityen_US
dc.contributor.otherEntomology and Zoology Divisionen_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Biotechnology. Vol.136, No.3-4 (2008), 122-128en_US
dc.description.abstractTo enhance the toxicity of the Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai strain SP41 (SP41), the vegetative insecticidal protein (Vip) gene vip3A from SP41 was redirected to the sporulation stage by replacing its native promoter with the strong promoter P19 of the cry11Aa operon. Compared to the wild type, SP41 with PVIP (vip3A with its native promoter and ter) had the relative expression ratios of 457, 548, and 290 at 8, 14, and 20 h of cultivation, respectively, as measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR). SP41 transformed by P19VIP (vip3A controlled by P19 promoter with vip3A ter) showed higher expressions (23, 2055, 1831) at the same time points. SP41 with P19VIP20 (vip3A controlled by P19 promoter and containing P20 and operon ter) had the lowest expression levels (3, 11, 9) at any time point. SDS-PAGE analysis of proteins in the culture supernatant of the P19VIP at 8, 14, and 20 h demonstrated a significant increase in Vip3A at the sporulation stage. Using the surface contamination bioassay, the 50% lethal concentration (LC50) of whole culture of PVIP, P19VIP, and P19VIP20 at 20 and 48 h of cultivation against Spodoptera exigua larvae were (68.3, 21.2, and 60.2 μg cm-2) and (69.8, 41.8, and 74.6 μg cm-2), respectively, compared with 86.6 and 104.4 μg cm-2for SP41. The results showed that Vip from P19VIP, expressed at spore stage at 20 and 48 h, can increase the toxicity of SP41 for 4.1- and 2.5-fold, respectively. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.rightsMahidol Universityen_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biologyen_US
dc.titleSpore stage expression of a vegetative insecticidal gene increase toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai SP41 against Spodoptera exiguaen_US
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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