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Title: The effect of cetyl palmitate crystallinity on physical properties of gamma-oryzanol encapsulated in solid lipid nanoparticles
Authors: Uracha Ruktanonchai
Surachai Limpakdee
Siwaporn Meejoo
Usawadee Sakulkhu
Nuntavan Bunyapraphatsara
Varaporn Junyaprasert
Satit Puttipipatkhachorn
Thailand National Science and Technology Development Agency
Mahidol University
Keywords: Chemical Engineering;Chemistry;Engineering;Materials Science
Issue Date: 5-Feb-2008
Citation: Nanotechnology. Vol.19, No.9 (2008)
Abstract: This present study was aimed at investigating the effect of the crystallinity of cetyl palmitate based solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) on the physical properties of γ-oryzanol-loaded SLNs. SLNs consisting of varying ratios of cetyl palmitate and γ-oryzanol were prepared. Their hydrodynamic diameters were in the range 210-280 nm and the zeta potentials were in the range -27 to -35 mV. The size of SLNs increased as the amount of cetyl palmitate decreased whereas no significant change of zeta potentials was found. Atomic force microscopy pictures indicated the presence of disc-like particles. The crystallinity of SLNs, determined by differential scanning calorimetry and powder x-ray diffraction, was directly dependent on the ratio of cetyl palmitate to γ-oryzanol and decreased with decreasing cetyl palmitate content in the lipid matrix. Varying this ratio in the lipid mix resulted in a shift in the melting temperature and enthalpy, although the SLN structure remained unchanged as an orthorhombic lamellar lattice. This has been attributed to a potential inhibition by γ-oryzanol during lipid crystal growth as well as a less ordered structure of the SLNs. The results revealed that the crystallinity of the SLNs was mainly dependent on the solid lipid, and that the crystallinity has an important impact on the physical characteristics of active-loaded SLNs. © IOP Publishing Ltd.
ISSN: 13616528
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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