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Title: Enhanced biodegradation of anthracene in acidic soil by inoculated Burkholderia sp. VUN10013
Authors: Khanitta Somtrakoon
Sudarat Suanjit
Prayad Pokethitiyook
Maleeya Kruatrachue
Hung Lee
Suchart Upatham
Burapha University
Mahidol University
University of Guelph
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2008
Citation: Current Microbiology. Vol.57, No.2 (2008), 102-106
Abstract: The ability of Burkholderia sp. VUN10013 to degrade anthracene in microcosms of two acidic Thai soils was studied. The addition of Burkholderia sp. VUN10013 (initial concentration of 105 cells g-1 dry soil) to autoclaved soil collected from the Plew District, Chanthaburi Province, Thailand, supplemented with anthracene (50 mg kg-1 dry soil) resulted in complete degradation of the added anthracene within 20 days. In contrast, under the same test conditions but using autoclaved soil collected from the Kitchagude District, Chanthaburi Province, Thailand, only approximately 46.3% of the added anthracene was degraded after 60 days of incubation. In nonautoclaved soils, without adding the VUN10013 inocula, 22.8 and 19.1% of the anthracene in Plew and Kitchagude soils, respectively, were degraded by indigenous bacteria after 60 days. In nonautoclaved soil inoculated with Burkholderia sp. VUN10013, the rate and extent of anthracene degradation were considerably better than those seen in autoclaved soils or in uninoculated nonautoclaved soils in that only 8.2 and 9.1% of anthracene remained in nonautoclaved Plew and Kitchagude soils, respectively, after 10 days of incubation. The results showed that the indigenous microorganisms in the pristine acidic soils have limited ability to degrade anthracene. Inoculation with the anthracene-degrading Burkholderia sp. VUN10013 significantly enhanced anthracene degradation in such acidic soils. The indigenous microorganisms greatly assisted the VUN10013 inoculum in anthracene degradation, especially in the more acidic Kitchagude soil. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
ISSN: 14320991
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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