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Title: Mechanism of silica reinforcement in CPE/NR blends by the use of rheological approaches
Authors: Pakpum Phewphong
Pongdhorn Saeoui
Chakrit Sirisinha
Mahidol University
Thailand National Metal and Materials Technology Center
Keywords: Materials Science
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2008
Citation: Journal of Applied Polymer Science. Vol.107, No.4 (2008), 2638-2645
Abstract: Blends of elastomeric chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) and natural rubber (NR) at blend composition ratio of 80/20 CPE/NR with various precipitated silica loadings were prepared. By the use of rheological approaches, a mechanism of silica reinforcement was proposed. Results obtained reveal that the viscoelastic behavior of blends is influenced remarkably by loadings of silica. A cure promotion phenomenon is found as silica is loaded due probably to the strong silica-CPE interaction and/or a reduction in curative absorption on silica surfaces. A strong Payne effect is observed, which is increased by a rise in silica loading, implying a formation of pseudocrosslink via a physical interaction, which could be disruptedat high strain of deformation. The proposed mechanism of silica reinforcement based on the formation of pseudocrosslink is validated by the deactivation of silanol groups on silica surfaces using silane-coupling agents. The bis-(3-triethoxysilylpropyl) tetrasulfane (Si-69) is found to be more effective in suppressing the pseudocrosslink than 3-thiocyanatopropyl triethoxy silane (Si-264), which is thought to be the result of its larger amount of alkoxy groups at a given silane loading. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN: 10974628
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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