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Title: Low seroprevalence of HIV and syphilis in pregnant women in refugee camps on the Thai-Burma border
Authors: K. Plewes
T. Lee
L. Kajeechewa
M. M. Thwin
S. J. Lee
V. I. Carrara
F. Nosten
R. McGready
Shoklo Malaria Research Unit
Mahidol University
Churchill Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2008
Citation: International Journal of STD and AIDS. Vol.19, No.12 (2008), 833-837
Abstract: Refugee and migrant populations are considered to be at high risk from sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV. Cross-sectional surveys for syphilis and HIV were conducted in antenatal clinics (ANCs) on the Thai-Burmese border. In Mae La refugee camp, the seroprevalence of HIV and syphilis were 0.2% (one of 500) (95% CI 0-1.1) and 0% (0 of 404) (95% CI 0-0.9) in 1997; and 0.4% (two of 500) (95% CI 0.1-1.4) and 0.4% (three of 741) (95% CI 0.1-1.2) in 2005, respectively; syphilis seroprevalence in migrant women in 2005 was 0 (0 of 234) (95% CI 0-1.6). The seroprevalence was lower than that reported from surrounding ANCs for Thai or Burmese women. Focus group discussions with HIV-negative and -positive pregnant refugee women established that aspects of Karen culture and isolation (geographical and political) had a significant protective role from HIV and STI. This survey has resulted in programmatic changes in services to pregnant women in this area.
ISSN: 09564624
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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