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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/19617
Title: The relationship between smoking, BMI, physical activity, and dietary intake among Thai adults in Central Thailand
Authors: Nattinee Jitnarin
Vongsvat Kosulwat
Atitada Boonpraderm
C. Keith Haddock
Walker S.C. Poston
UMKC School of Medicine
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2008
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.91, No.7 (2008), 1109-1116
Abstract: Objective: Evaluate dietary intake, physical activity, and BMI in adult Thais stratified by smoking status, living in the central region of Thailand. Material and Method: Participants (n = 1,027) were administered a health questionnaires, 24-h dietary recall, and anthropometric measurements were obtained. ResultS: Compared to ex-smokers (24.5 ± 4.3 kg/m2) and non-smokers (24.8 ± 4.0 kg/m2), current smokers (22.6 + 3.8 kg/m2) had significantly lower BMIs, regardless of gender (p < 0.001). In addition, male smokers had smaller waist circumferences than non-smokers. There were no statistically significant differences in nutrient intake or physical activity based on smoking status. Results from this study are consistent with others reports showing that smoking is associated with lower weights and BMI when compared to non-smokers. The mechanism for this association may be related to the potential for nicotine to increase metabolic rate rather than appetite suppression in smokers. Conclusion: Because the substantial negative health consequences of smoking are far stronger than those associated with modest weight differences, smoking cannot be viewed as an appropriate weight management strategy.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=48249142430&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/19617
ISSN: 01252208
01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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