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Title: Potential risk factors for Cryptosporidium infection among HIV/AIDS patients in central areas of Thailand
Authors: Mayuna Srisuphanunt
Vilaiporn Suvedyathavorn
Yupin Suputtamongkol
Siriwat Arnantapunpong
Viroj Wiwanitkit
Pratana Satitvipawee
Somsit Tansupasawadikul
Mahidol University
Lertsin Hospital, Bangkok
Rajavithi Hospital
King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Chulalongkorn University
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2008
Citation: Journal of Public Health. Vol.16, No.3 (2008), 173-182
Abstract: Background: Cryptosporidiosis is very common in patients with HIV/AIDS and remains a threat to public health. A cross-sectional analytical study to determine the prevalence and identify potential risk factors associated with Cryptosporidium infection among HIV/AIDS patients was conducted. Methods: In the study of 143 HIV/AIDS adult patients with diarrhea, a total of 23 cases with Cryptosporidium infection and 120 cases with Cryptosporidium negative were reported during the study period. Results: Results revealed that the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis was 16.1%. In a stratified analysis controlling for gender, factors associated with Cryptosporidium infection were history of diarrhea >21 days, CD4+count ≤50 cells/mm3, and WBC count <4,000 cells/mm3. Conclusion: These findings confirmed that there was a strong association between cryptosporidiosis and CD4+count. Such information may provide possible recommended strategies for preventing cryptosporidiosis in HIV/AIDS persons. © 2007 Springer-Verlag.
ISSN: 09431853
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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