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|Title:||C-reactive protein induces high-mobility group box-1 protein release through activation of p38MAPK in macrophage RAW264.7 cells|
|Authors:||Ko ichi Kawahara|
Kamal Krishna Biswas
Meng Xiao Jie
Shin ichiro Arimura
Oita University Faculty of Medicine
|Citation:||Cardiovascular Pathology. Vol.17, No.3 (2008), 129-138|
|Abstract:||Background: C-reactive protein (CRP) is widely used as a sensitive biomarker for inflammation. Increasing evidence suggests that CRP plays a role in inflammation. High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a primarily nuclear protein, is passively released into the extracellular milieu by necrotic or damaged cells and is actively secreted by monocytes/macrophages. Extracellular HMGB1 as a potent inflammatory mediator has stimulated immense curiosity in the field of inflammation research. However, the molecular dialogue implicated between CRP and HMGB1 in delayed inflammatory processes remains to be explored. Methods and results: The levels of HMGB1 in culture supernatants were determined by Western blot analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in macrophage RAW264.7 cells. Purified CRP induced the release of HMGB1 in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed nuclear translocation of HMGB1 in response to CRP. The binding of CRP to the Fcγ receptor in RAW264.7 cells was confirmed by fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis. Pretreatment of cells with IgG-Fc fragment, but not IgG-Fab fragment, efficiently blocked this binding. CRP triggered the activation of p38MAPK and ERK1/2, but not Jun N-terminal kinase. Moreover, both p38MAPK inhibitor SB203580 and small interfering RNA significantly suppressed the release of HMGB1, but not the MEK1/2 inhibitor U-0126. Conclusion: We demonstrated for the first time that CRP, a prominent risk marker for inflammation including atherosclerosis, could induce the active release of HMGB1 by RAW264.7 cells through Fcγ receptor/p38MAPK signaling pathways, thus implying that CRP plays a crucial role in the induction, amplification, and prolongation of inflammatory processes, including atherosclerotic lesions. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2006-2010|
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