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Title: Association between promoter and coding region mutations of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 and β-thalassemia/Hb e with cholelithiasis
Authors: Jeeranut Tankanitlert
Noppawan P. Morales
Pranee Fucharoen
Suthat Fucharoen
Udom Chantharaksri
Phramongkutklao College of Medicine
Mahidol University
The Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2008
Citation: European Journal of Haematology. Vol.80, No.4 (2008), 351-355
Abstract: Background and objectives: Cholelithiasis has been observed with high incidence in beta-thalassemia/hemoglobin E (β-thal/Hb E). Recent studies have shown that a variant TATA-box in the promoter region of the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) gene is associated with the development of cholelithiasis. The coding region mutation (G71R) of the UGT1A1 gene was higher in Asians than those in Caucasians. The relationship between the variant UGT1A1 promoter and coding region gene and cholelithiasis in β-thal/Hb E subjects were investigated. Methods: One hundred and seventeen β-thal/Hb E subjects entered this study. The TATA-box and G71R mutations were analyzed by fragment size analysis and restriction fragment length polymorphism methods, respectively. Results: The incidence of cholelithiasis was higher in heterozygous (68.3%) and homozygous (100%) subjects compared with normal UGT1A1 haplotype (61.4%). Total bilirubin level (6.0 ± 2.03 mg/dL) in the homozygous group was significantly higher than that of wild type (3.31 ± 1.83 ng/dL). Prevalence of cholelithiasis increased with age (OR = 1.1, 95% CI = 1.03-1.12, P < 0.001). Female gender (OR = 3.7, 95% CI = 1.3-10.6, P < 0.01) and elevated liver enzyme (OR = 1.02, 95%CI = 1.0-1.04, P < 0.02) were two other risk factors for cholethiasis in β-thal/Hb E. Conclusion: This study shows that the combined TATA-box variants and G71R mutations of the UGT1A1 is associated with cholelithiasis in β-thal/Hb E. © 2008 The Authors.
ISSN: 16000609
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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