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Title: A natural plant-derived dihydroisosteviol prevents cholera toxin-induced intestinal fluid secretion
Authors: Prapapimon Pariwat
Sureeporn Homvisasevongsa
Chatchai Muanprasat
Varanuj Chatsudthipong
Mahidol University
Huachiew Chalermprakiet University
Keywords: Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2008
Citation: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol.324, No.2 (2008), 798-805
Abstract: Stevioside and its major metabolite, steviol, have been reported to affect ion transport in many types of tissues, such as the kidney, pancreas, and intestine. The effect of stevioside, steviol, and its analogs on intestinal Cl- secretion was investigated in a human T84 epithelial cell line. Short-circuit current measurements showed that steviol and analogs isosteviol, dihydroisosteviol, and isosteviol 16-oxime inhibited in a dose-dependent manner forskolin-induced Cl- secretion with IC50 values of 101, 100, 9.6, and 50 μM, respectively, whereas the parent compound stevioside had no effect. Apical Cl- current measurement indicated that dihydroisosteviol targeted the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR). The inhibitory action of dihydroisosteviol was reversible and was not associated with changes in the intracellular cAMP level. In addition, dihydroisosteviol did not affect calcium-activated chloride secretion and T84 cell viability. In vivo studies using a mouse closed-loop model of cholera toxin-induced intestinal fluid secretion showed that intraluminal injection of 50 μM dihydroisosteviol reduced intestinal fluid secretion by 88.2% without altering fluid absorption. These results indicate that dihydroisosteviol and similar compounds could be a new class of CFTR inhibitors that may be useful for further development as antidiarrheal agents. Copyright © 2008 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
ISSN: 15210103
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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