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Title: Evaluation of the acrosome reaction and viability in buffalo spermatozoa using two staining methods: The effects of heparin and calcium ionophore A23187
Authors: Y. Kitiyanant
B. Chaisalee
K. Pavasuthipaisit
The Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2002
Citation: International Journal of Andrology. Vol.25, No.4 (2002), 215-222
Abstract: In this study, we investigated the effect of heparin and calcium ionophore A23187 on in vitro induction of buffalo sperm acrosome reaction (AR). Two methods for detection of the AR and viability were employed. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Arachis hypogea agglutinin (FITC-PNA) was used as a vital stain in combination with ethidium homodimer-1 (EthD-1) to determine the acrosome status of viable spermatozoa. In another experiment, trypan blue replaced EthD-1 to differentiate live and dead spermatozoa having undergone AR. The results from the two methods were significantly correlated (r > 0.9). Four different staining patterns were found in both methods. The FITC-PNA intensely labels the acrosome region of acrosome-intact spermatozoa. EthD-1 and trypan blue stained red and blue at the post-acrosomal region of dead spermatozoa, respectively. Spermatozoa incubated with heparin showed a significant increase (p < 0.05) in the percentage of live acrosome-reacted sperm after 30 min incubation period. This trend continued and was significantly different over the entire incubation period when compared with the control group at the same interval. In the ionophore-treated group, the proportion of changes in live acrosome-intact and live acrosome-reacted spermatozoa was statistically significantly different (p < 0.001) when compared with those treated with heparin at the same interval. The AR occurred sooner and to a greater extent when incubated with the ionophore but at 5 h of incubation the percentage of false acrosomal reaction was significantly higher than those in the control and heparin-treated groups. The results in this study indicated that the in vitro induction of AR by heparin and calcium ionophore evaluated by both methods could be used to assess sperm fertilizing capacity for in vitro fertilization of this species.
ISSN: 01056263
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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