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Title: The potential of Thai indigenous plant species for the phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated land
Authors: P. Visoottiviseth
K. Francesconi
W. Sridokchan
Mahidol University
Syddansk Universitet
Keywords: Environmental Science;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2002
Citation: Environmental Pollution. Vol.118, No.3 (2002), 453-461
Abstract: To assess the potential of the native plant species for phytoremediation, plant and soil samples were collected from two areas in Thailand that have histories of arsenic pollution from mine tailings. The areas were the Ron Phibun District (Nakorn Si Thammarat province) and Bannang Sata District (Yala province), and samples were taken in 1998 and 1999 and analysed for total arsenic by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Arsenic concentrations in soil ranged from 21 to 14,000 μg g-1in Ron Phibun, and from 540 to 16,000 μg g-1in Bannang Sata. The criteria used for selecting plants for phytoremediation were: high As tolerance, high bioaccumulation factor, short life cycle, high propagation rate, wide distribution and large shoot biomass. Of 36 plant species, only two species of ferns (Pityrogramma calomelanos and Pteris vittata), a herb (Mimosa pudica), and a shrub (Melastoma malabrathricum), seemed suitable for phytoremediation. The ferns were by far the most proficient plants at accumulating arsenic from soil, attaining concentrations of up to 8350 μg g-1(dry mass) in the frond. © 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
ISSN: 02697491
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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