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|Title:||Fcγ receptor IIA and IIIB polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to cerebral malaria|
University of Tokyo
|Keywords:||Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine|
|Citation:||Parasitology International. Vol.51, No.4 (2002), 361-366|
|Abstract:||Human FcγRIIA and FcγRIIIB exhibit genetic polymorphisms, FcγRIIA-131H/R and FcγRIIIB-NA1/NA2, coding for different capacities for IgG binding and phagocytosis. Recently, FcγRIIA-131R was reported to be associated with protection against high-density Plasmodium falciparum infection in Kenya. Furthermore, FcγRIIIB-NA1/NA2 polymorphism was shown to influence FcγRIIA function in an allele-specific manner. In this study, we examined a possible association of FcγRIIA-131H/R and FcγRIIIB-NA1/NA2 polymorphisms with malaria severity in 107 cerebral malaria patients, 157 non-cerebral severe malaria patients, and 202 mild malaria controls living in northwest Thailand. This study reveals that, with the FcγRIIIB-NA2 allele, the FcγRIIA-131H/H genotype is associated with susceptibility to cerebral malaria (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.14-3.01; P=0.012), although these polymorphisms are not individually involved in the disease severity. Our results suggest that FcγRIIA-131H/R and FcγRIIIB-NA1/NA2 polymorphisms have an interactive effect on host defense against malaria infection. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2001-2005|
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