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Title: Estrogen receptor-alpha mRNA in primary breast cancer: Relationship to estrogen and progesterone receptor proteins and other prognostic factors
Authors: Supornpim Chearskul
Kris Bhothisuwan
Malika Churintrapun
Namoiy Semprasert
Smarn Onreabroi
Mahidol University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2002
Citation: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology. Vol.20, No.1 (2002), 13-21
Abstract: The estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha protein and ER mRNA were measured in 314 primary breast cancer patients by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay, respectively. The positivity of ER protein was 53% while of ER mRNA was 37.6%. A significant positive association between ER phenotype and ER mRNA was observed (r = 0.40, p < 0.0001) with a positive-negative agreement between them of 71.8%. The percentage of ER-negative, progesterone receptor (PR)-positive breast tumors was 1.9% by EIA and 7% by RT-PCR assay. This may indicate a difference in ER variants in these studied patients. The ER protein and ER mRNA status were inversely related to tumor size and p53 positivity. Also, ER protein was frequently positive in patients with a higher number of lymph node invasions, well to moderate nuclear differentiated tumor cells and negative c-erbB-2 status. The difference of the ER or ER mRNA status regarding ages, menopausal status, tumor stages and histological types was not shown. In the present study, ER mRNA did not demonstrate a closer relationship to prognostic indicators of breast cancer than ER protein. Before including the ER mRNA assessment in routine investigations of breast cancer, its relationship to prognostic factors and survival outcome should be further assessed with a higher number of patients and a longer follow-up time.
ISSN: 0125877X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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