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|Title:||The risk and effectiveness of transurethral resection of prostate|
Em Orn Ruksamanee
|Citation:||Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.85, No.12 (2002), 1288-1295|
|Abstract:||Background: To advise a patient to have transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) needs information on the benefit and complications of the procedure. Quality assurance also needs present results to be compared with future ones. Objectives: The authors wanted to know: 1. Whether TURP can decrease the International prostate symptom score (IPSS) and improve the Quality of Life (QOL) scores concerning urination at 1.5 months post-operatively for at least 25 per cent of the pre-operative scores?; 2. What are the common medical diseases in this type of patient?; and 3. What are the mortality and immediate complications of TURP? Method: This was a prospective, before-after design trial. All patients who came to have TURP at a tertiary care hospital were studied. IPSS and QOL scores were recorded before surgery and again when the patients came back to follow up at 1.5 months after discharge. Patients were evaluated for cardiopulmonary reserve and congestive heart failure. Anesthetic technique of choice was spinal anesthesia with 0.5 per cent bupivacaine. Anesthetic and surgical complications were recorded if the definitions were met. Analysis: Pre-operative and 1.5 months post-operative scores were compared using paired t-test and 95 per cent confidence interval. Results: During the 13 months there were 269 consecutive males who received TURP. The mean ± SD age was 70.4 ± 8.8 years (range 35-97). The mean difference between pre- and post-operative IPSS was 6.7 ± 9.1 (95% CI 5.2-7.8). Quality of Life also improved, the mean difference between pre- and post-operative QOL was 3.2 ± 1.6 (95% CI 2.9-3.5). Most patients had ASA class 2. Common pre-operative existing diseases were hypertension (31.6%), ischemic heart disease (18.2%), diabetes (15.6%), and COPD (7.1%). Anesthetic techniques were spinal block (77.3%), epidural block (5.9%), continuous epidural (11.2%), and general anesthesia (5.6%). Intra-operative complications were reported and TUR syndrome occurred in 1 patient (0.37%). There was one surgical death 3 days post-operation, due to septic shock probably from bowel perforation. Conclusion: The patients' symptoms and quality of life significantly improved, but there was 1 surgical death and 1 TUR syndrome among 269.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2001-2005|
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