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Title: Cholesterol lowering effects of a choleretic phloracetophenone in hypercholesterolemic hamsters
Authors: Pawinee Piyachaturawat
Pornpikul Srivoraphan
Aporn Chuncharunee
Prayad Komaratat
Apichart Suksamrarn
Mahidol University
Ramkhamhaeng University
Keywords: Neuroscience;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 29-Mar-2002
Citation: European Journal of Pharmacology. Vol.439, No.1-3 (2002), 141-147
Abstract: The plasma cholesterol-lowering effect and mechanism thereof of a choleretic phloracetophenone or 2,4,6-trihydroxyacetophenone (THA) were investigated in hypercholesterolemic male hamsters. Intragastric administration of THA (300-600 μmol/kg) twice a day for 7 days to these animals caused a dose- and time-dependent decrease in both plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels. THA at a dose of 400 μmol/kg reduced the cholesterol and triglyceride levels in plasma to 52% and 25% of the level in corresponding cholesterol-fed controls, respectively, with decreases in both plasma very low density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein cholesterol but not in high density lipoprotein cholesterol. THA did not significantly alter total hepatic cholesterol content but significantly increased the excretion of both bile acids and cholesterol into the intestinal lumen for elimination. Corresponding to the increase in bile acid excretion, THA caused a seven-fold increase in hepatic cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activity. These results suggest that THA exerts its cholesterol lowering effect by increasing hepatic cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activity which increases hepatic conversion of cholesterol to bile acid for disposal via biliary secretion. This compound may have a potential for future development as a therapeutic agent for lowering lipids in hypercholesterolemic patients. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00142999
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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