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Title: Association of gp91phox homolog Nox1 with anchorage-independent growth and MAP kinase-activation of transformed human keratinocytes
Authors: Walee Chamulitrat
Rainer Schmidt
Pascal Tomakidi
Wolfgang Stremmel
Warangkana Chunglok
Tsukasa Kawahara
Kazuhito Rokutan
German Cancer Research Center
Universitat Heidelberg
Universitatsklinikum Heidelberg
Mahidol University
Tokushima University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 4-Sep-2003
Citation: Oncogene. Vol.22, No.38 (2003), 6045-6053
Abstract: Among five members of the NADPH oxidase (Nox) family, Nox1 confers mitogenic properties and is implicated to participate in the process of cell transformation. We have established two phenotypes of carcinogenesis model by ethanol treatment of human gingival keratinocytes immortalized with E6/E7 oncogenes of human papillomavirus type16: immortalized (EPI) nontransformed cells with epithelium-like morphology and more advanced transformed (FIB) cells with spindle fibroblastic-shape morphology. FIB membranes possessed a 63-kDa Nox1 protein at higher levels and exhibited 2.8-fold higher capability for superoxide and hydroxyl radical generation, compared with EPI membranes. Both EPI and FIB cells expressed more abundant Nox1 protein at a proliferating stage than that at a quiescent confluent phase. Immunofluorescence staining with an anti-Nox1 antibody showed that immunoreactive materials were distributed in the whole interior of both types of cells, while they were preferentially localized in the nuclei of FIB cells. Nuclei isolated from EPI and FIB cells contained a 63kDa-Nox1 protein. Compared with EPI cells, FIB cells expressed elevated levels of Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase proteins. Furthermore, JNK2 was constitutively phosphorylated in FIB cells. Together, our data strongly implicate Nox1 in redox-mediated signaling related to cellular activation of human keratinocytes at a more advanced stage of transformation.
ISSN: 09509232
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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