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Title: Oxidant-inducible resistance to hydrogen peroxide killing in Agrobacterium tumefaciens requires the global peroxide sensor-regulator OxyR and KatA
Authors: Warawan Eiamphungporn
Kaewkanya Nakjarung
Benjaphorn Prapagdee
Paiboon Vattanaviboon
Skorn Mongkolsuk
Mahidol University
Asian Institute of Technology Thailand
Chulabhorn Research Institute
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 8-Aug-2003
Citation: FEMS Microbiology Letters. Vol.225, No.1 (2003), 167-172
Abstract: Induced adaptive and cross-protective responses to peroxide stress are important strategies used by bacteria to survive stressful environments. We have shown that exposure to low levels of peroxide (adaptive) and superoxide anions (cross-protection) induced high levels of resistance to peroxide killing in Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The mechanisms and genes involved in these processes have not been identified. Here, the roles played by peroxide (oxyR) and superoxide (soxR) global regulators and a catalase gene (katA) during these responses were investigated. H2O2-induced adaptive protection was completely abolished in both the oxyR and katA mutants. Superoxide generator (menadione)-induced cross-protection to H2O2killing was observed in a soxR mutant, but not in either an oxyR or a katA mutant. In vivo analysis of the katA promoter, using a katA::lacZ transcriptional fusion, revealed that it could be induced by menadione in an oxyR-dependent manner. These results lead us to conclude that H2O2and superoxide anions directly or indirectly oxidize OxyR and it is the resulting activation of katA expression that is responsible for the induced protection against lethal concentrations of H2O2. © 2003 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03781097
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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