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Title: Determining a new formula for calculating low-density lipoprotein cholesterol:data mining approach
Authors: Prabhop Dansethakul
Lalin Thapanathamchai
Sarawut Saichanma
Phannee Pidetcha
Apilak Worachartcheewan
Excellence Service Center For Medical Technology and Quality Improvement
Center of Medical Laboratory Services
Department of Clinical Chemistry
Keywords: cholesterol;data mining;Friedewald formula;pace regression;LDL-C;LDL-Direct;LDL-Cal;Open Access article
Issue Date: 26-Jan-2015
Citation: EXCLI Journal. Vol.14, 2015, 478-483
Abstract: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a risk factor of coronary heart diseases. The estimation of LDL- C (LDL-Cal) level was performed using Friedewald’s equation for triglyceride (TG) level less than 400 mg/dL. Therefore, the aim of this study is to generate a new formula for LDL-Cal and validate the correlation coefficient between LDL-Cal and LDL-C directly measured (LDL-Direct). A data set of 1786 individuals receiving annual medical check-ups from the Faculty of Medical Technology, Mahidol University, Thailand in 2008 was used in this study. Lipid profiles including total cholesterol (TC), TG, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and LDL-C were determined using Roche/Hitachi modular system analyzer. The estimated LDL-C was obtained us- ing Friedewald’s equation and the homogenous enzymatic method. The level of TG was divided into 6 groups (TG<200, <300, <400, <500, <600 and < 1000 mg/dL) for constructing the LDL-Cal formula. The pace regres- sion model was used to construct the candidate formula for the LDL-Cal and determine the correlation coeffi- cient (r) with the LDL-Direct. The candidate LDL-Cal formula was generated for 6 groups of TG levels that dis- played well correlation between LDL-Cal and LDL-Direct. Interestingly, The TG level was less than 1000 mg/dL, the regression model was able to generate the equation as shown as strong r of 0.9769 with LDL-Direct. Furthermore, external data set (n = 666) with TG measurement (36-1480 mg/dL) was used to validate new for- mula which displayed high r of 0.971 between LDL-Cal and LDL-direct. This study explored a new formula for LDL-Cal which exhibited higher r of 0.9769 and far beyond the limitation of TG more than 1000 mg/dL and po- tential used for estimating LDL-C in routine clinical laboratories.
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