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Title: Particulate Air Pollution and Chronic Respiratory Symptoms among Traffic Policemen in Bangkok
Authors: Kenji Tamura
Wanida Jinsart
Eiji Yano
Kanae Karita
Doungrutai Boudoung
National Institute for Environmental Studies of Japan
Chulalongkorn University
Teikyo University School of Medicine
Mahidol University
Keywords: Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2003
Citation: Archives of Environmental Health. Vol.58, No.4 (2003), 201-207
Abstract: In this cross-sectional study, the authors examined the relationship between traffic-based air pollution and chronic, nonspecific respiratory symptoms among traffic policemen in Bangkok, Thailand. A total of 1,603 policemen who lived and worked in areas that had 3 different levels of airborne particulates were evaluated. The authors used a modified standardized questionnaire to identify nonspecific respiratory disease (NSRD) in participants. The prevalence of NSRD in heavily polluted, moderately polluted, and suburban areas was 13.0%, 10.9%, and 9.4%, respectively. Among nonsmokers, the age-adjusted prevalence of NSRD in the heavily polluted areas was significantly higher than in the suburban control area. Also among nonsmokers, the odds ratio for NSRD for each 10-μg/m3increase in ambient particulate matter was 1.11. The authors concluded that the increased prevalence of respiratory symptoms among traffic policemen in Bangkok was associated with urban traffic air pollution.
ISSN: 00039896
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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