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Title: Paroxysm serum from a case of Plasmodium vivax malaria inhibits the maturation of P. falciparum schizonts in vitro
Authors: Y. Nagao
P. Chavalitshewinkoon-Petmitr
H. Noedl
S. Thongrungkiat
S. Krudsood
Y. Sukthana
M. Nacher
P. Wilairatana
S. Looareesuwan
Mahidol University
Universitat Wien
Hopital Pitie Salpetriere
Osaka University
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2003
Citation: Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. Vol.97, No.6 (2003), 587-592
Abstract: In concurrent infections in vivo, the blood stages of Plasmodium vivax suppress those of Plasmodium falciparum. To see if the paroxysm (i.e. the periodic febrile episode) of P. vivax infection contributes to this suppression, sera from a P. vivax-infected volunteer were added to cultures of whole blood taken from cases of P. falciparum malaria. The crude 'rate' of schizont generation from the ring forms, measured as the percentage of all asexual parasites that were schizonts after incubation for 24 h, was similar whether the cultures contained serum samples collected during paroxysms or those collected, from the same volunteer, at other times (19.1% v. 18.9%; P = 0.842). After a random-effect linear regression was used to adjust for disparities between the P. falciparum isolates, however, the degree of schizont maturation, measured as the mean number of nuclei per schizont, was significantly lower for the cultures with 'paroxysm serum' than for those with 'non-paroxysm serum' (4. 8 v. 5.3; P = 0.002). The proportion of schizonts considered mature was also significantly lower when 'paroxysm serum' was used (3.7% v. 6.3%: P = 0.03). This appears to be the first in-vitro study in which sera collected during a paroxysm of P. vivax have been shown to inhibit the maturation of P. falciparum schizonts. The role of this mechanism in intra- and inter-specific competition is discussed.
ISSN: 00034983
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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