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|Title:||Effect of non-rubber components on storage hardening and gel formation of natural rubber during accelerated storage under various conditions|
Nagaoka University of Technology
The Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University
|Citation:||Rubber Chemistry and Technology. Vol.76, No.5 (2003), 1228-1240|
|Abstract:||The phenomenon of storage hardening in solid natural rubber (NR) is presumed to occur by means of reactions between some non-rubber components and abnormal groups in rubber molecule. The main non-rubber constituents in NR are composed of proteins and lipids. The storage hardening behavior of NR purified by enzymatic deproteinization and transesterification was analyzed under high and low humidity conditions using phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The NR obtained from centrifuged fresh natural rubber latex (CFNR) and deproteinized NR latex (DPNR) showed significant increase in the hardening plasticity index (PH) value during storage; while that of the transesterified NR (TENR) and transesterified DPNR (DPTE-NR) was almost constant during storage. After keeping samples under high humidity conditions, the fresh natural rubber (FNR), CFNR and DPNR showed constant PHvalue, while that of the TENR and DPTE-NR decreased during storage. The FNR, CFNR and DPNR showed a clear increase in the gel fraction after the occurrence of storage hardening reaction. The gel fraction showed molecular weight between crosslinks (Mc) of about 104. Glass transition temperature (Tg) of gel fraction was higher than that observed in the case of sol fraction. The formation of crosslinking and branching during accelerated storage was presumed to be due to the chemical bonding between the active functional groups in the long-chain fatty acid of phospholipids at the terminating end of rubber molecules under low humidity conditions.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2001-2005|
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