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Title: Studies on concomitant antigens of Bithynia funiculata for detection of antibody to Opisthorchis viverrini: effect of different centrifugal speeds on antigen preparation.
Authors: Dorn Watthanakulpanich
Jitra Waikagul
Paron Dekumyoy
Malinee T. Anantaphruti
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2003
Citation: The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. Vol.34 Suppl 2, (2003), 114-120
Abstract: Antigens derived from somatic extracts of Bithynia funiculata, an intermediate snail host of O. viverrini, have been demonstrated to be highly heterogeneous in molecular weight (MW). These antigens have been suggested to be of potential use for serodiagnosis. In this study, B. funiculata somatic antigens were extracted using five different centrifugal speeds, namely 10,000 (C1); 20,000 (C2); 30,000 (C3); 40,000 (C4) and 50,000 (C5) rpm, with the aim of removing some non-specific antigens and determining the optimal centrifugal speed to obtain the highest efficiency of the test for which they will be used. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique was used to compare the reactivity of the five different centrifugal speed-prepared antigens. The sensitivity and specificity of all five antigens were compared by testing against sera from 81 opisthorchiasis patients, 30 parasite-free healthy individuals and 50 individuals infected with other helminthic infections, using mean + 4SD of all healthy individuals as the cut-off value. The sensitivity of these antigens was 69.1, 84.0, 80.2, 84.0 and 70.4, respectively; while the specificity was 66.2, 76.2, 82.5, 86.2 and 71.2, respectively. Immunoreactive components of each antigen were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot technique. The assay showed that three pairs of antigens with MW of 29 and 30, 47 and 50, and 86 and 90 kDa of all five antigens, which have previously been shown to be highly immunogenic, still reacted with a pooled serum from patients with opisthorchiasis. However, the C4 antigens gave more distinct components. Our results showed that 40,000 rpm is the optimal speed for antigen preparation for use in the serological diagnosis of opisthorchiasis, as demonstrated by the most satisfactory results of both sensitivity and specificity in the indirect ELISA and Western blot technique.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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