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Title: Wuchereria bancrofti antigenemia clearance among Myanmar migrants after biannual mass treatments with diethylcarbamazine, 300 mg oral-dose filadec tablet, in southern Thailand
Authors: Surachart Koyadun
Adisak Bhumiratana
Pathomporn Prikchu
Off. of Dis. Prev. and Control 11
Mahidol University
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2003
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.34, No.4 (2003), 758-767
Abstract: Using qualitative ICT Filariasis and quantitative Og4C3 ELISA, we assessed a long-term macrofilaricidal effect of two-year biannual mass treatments with a 300 mg oral-dose FILADEC tablet, a reformulation of 6 mg/kg diethylcarbamazine (DEC), on clearance of the Wuchereria bancrofti adult worm circulating filarial antigens (CFA) in Myanmar migrants, at risk of emergence of imported bancroftian filariasis in Southern Thailand. Of the 34 antigenemic Myanmar index cases of varying initial CFA levels, who were initially screened out with the ICT Filariasis, 13 index cases were follow-up treated and monitored at the DEC post treatments, 6, 12, and 18 months. At the 18-month post treatment, residual antigenemias (%) in 4 of 5 index cases (group I) with high antigen titers (99.7-181.6 × 10 3 AU/ml) were 54.44%, 33.58%, 27.43%, and 9.97%. Significant decreases of the CFA levels in only 3 out of 5 index cases were affected by the response to DEC treatments (p <0.007). The treatment effects on clearance of the CFA in 8 index cases (group II) with low antigen titers (15.4-37.2 × 10 3 AU/ml) were shown for at least 6 months post DEC treatment and hence had 100% efficacy in the first 6 months of the first year of year round treatment. Group I, was more likely to show an increase of the DEC efficacy after the first 6 months of the second year round treatment, but there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.063). We reemphasized that, for use in the national program to eliminate lymphatic filariasis (PELF) in Thailand, such a DEC regimen had a macrofilaricidal effect on antigenemia clearance, and confirmed its value in evaluating response to the treatment and monitoring the long-term efficacy of the DEC regimen in W. bancrofti adult worm burden reductions in Myanmar migrants on a wide scale.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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