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Title: Toxoplasma gondii antibody in Thai cats and their owners
Authors: Yaowalark Sukthana
Jaranit Kaewkungwal
Chun Jantanavivat
Amorn Lekkla
Rachatawan Chiabchalard
Waraporn Aumarm
Mahidol University
Kasetsart University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2003
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.34, No.4 (2003), 733-738
Abstract: Humans are thought to acquire Toxoplasma infection by three major routes: ingesting food and water contaminated with oocysts from cat excreta, consumption of under-cooked infected meat, and transplacental transfer. Congenital clinical toxoplasmosis in the newborn indicating definite transplacental transmission had been reported in Thailand, whilst studies concerning infection due to the other two routes were inconclusive. Since the way domestic cats live and eat and also the eating behavior of Thai people differ from those in the West, we conducted a sero-epidemiological study of T. gondii in cats and their owners in Bangkok metropolitan area. Among 327 humans, the prevalence of Toxoplasma antibody was 6.4% and in 315 cats it was 7.3%. These relatively low prevalence rates may result from the predominantly well-cooked fish and rice diet of stray cats, which congregate in temples where they are fed. Toxoplasma antibody seropositive was associated with living in close proximity to seropositivity cats [OR (95% CI) = 5.43 (1.28-23.04); p=0.01]. Risks were increased in and around temples, particularly if courtyards were of earth or grass, suggesting ground temperature was an important determinant of oocyst survival.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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