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Title: Temephos resistance in two forms of Aedes aegypti and its significance for the resistance mechanism
Authors: Pungasem Paeporn
Narumon Komalamisra
Vanida Deesin
Yupha Rongsriyam
Yuki Eshita
Supatra Thongrungkiat
Mahidol University
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Oita University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2003
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.34, No.4 (2003), 786-792
Abstract: Aedes aegypti, at the larval stage, has been subjected to the temephos selection in laboratory. The level of temephos resistance was detected in a microplate by biochemical assay using WHO bioassay technique. The major enzyme-based resistance mechanisms involved in temephos resistance include elevated nonspecific esterase, oxidase and insensitive acetylcholinesterase. After 19 generations of temephos selection, the selected group showed resistance ratios of 4.64 and 16.92, when compared with a non-selected group and the WHO susceptible strain, respectively. The two seperated forms, type form and the pale form of Ae. aegypti showed low levels of resistance to temephos after 19 generations of selection, with resistance ratios of 4.82 and 4.07 for the type form and the pale form, respectively; when compared with the non-selected strain, 17.58 and 14.84, when compared with the WHO susceptible strain. This showed that the type form could develop higher level resistance than the pale form. The esterase inhibitor (S,S,S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate, DEF) or synergist implicated detoxifying esterase in all the temephos selected groups and the presence of elevated esterase were confirmed by biochemical assay. There were significant differences in elevated esterase activity between the temephos selected groups and the non-selected group. However no significant difference between the type form and the pale form was found. Besides the elevated esterase, there was no change in monooxygenase activity and no evidence of insensitive acetylcholinesterease for all temephos selected groups. These results suggest that temephos resistance could be developed in Ae. aegypti under selection pressure and that the main mechanism is based only on esterase detoxification.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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