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Title: A New Measurement of Activities of Daily Living for Thai Elderly with Dementia
Authors: Vorapun Senanarong
Kamolthip Harnphadungkit
Naraporn Prayoonwiwat
Niphon Poungvarin
Nopwan Sivasariyanonds
Tipawan Printarakul
Suthipol Udompunthurak
Jeffrey L. Cummings
Mahidol University
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Keywords: Nursing;Psychology
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2003
Citation: International Psychogeriatrics. Vol.15, No.2 (2003), 135-148
Abstract: Background: Activities of daily living (ADL) vary across cultures, and measure of ADL needs to be specific to the population under study. We developed an ADL measure for Thai elderly with dementia and investigated the reliability and validity of this instrument. Materials and Methods: Item construction was accomplished with a panel of neurologists and a rehabilitation medicine physician. One hundred eighty-one subjects were interviewed using the Thai ADL measure. Of this sample, one hundred fifty-nine had dementia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria. These data were analyzed for internal consistency; concurrent validity was determined by comparison with the Barthel Index, Functional Assessment Questionnaire (FAQ), Thai Mental State Exam (TMSE), and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale; and discriminant validity was determined by comparison with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). Thirty subjects were tested to determine interrater and test-retest reliability. Results: Thai ADL measure was composed of six basic ADL and seven instrumental ADL. It had high correlation with TMSE scores (r = -.69), CDR scores (r = .81), Barthel Index scores (r = -.80), and FAQ scores (r = .88), and moderate correlation with NPI scores (r = .46). The instrument had high test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = .92, .89) and high interrater reliability (ICC = .96, .93). Conclusion: The Thai ADL scale is easy to use and it has high reliability. It had high concurrent validity with previously published ADL scales. The methodology used to develop the Thai ADL scale can provide a model for creating culturally competent ADL scales.
ISSN: 10416102
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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