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Title: Telomerase activity in swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) oocytes and embryos derived from in vitro fertilization, somatic cell nuclear transfer and parthenogenetic activation
Authors: J. Saikhun
H. Sritanaudomchai
K. Pavasuthipaisit
Y. Kitiyanant
Mahidol University
The Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2004
Citation: Reproduction in Domestic Animals. Vol.39, No.3 (2004), 162-167
Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the telomerase activity in swamp buffalo oocytes and pre-implantation stage embryos derived from in vitro fertilization (IVF), somatic cell nuclear transfer (NT) and parthenogenetic activation (PA). Immature and mature oocytes, and embryos at the 2-4 cell, 8-16 cell, morula and blastocyst stages produced by IVF, NT and PA were collected and the telomerase activity was assayed by using a Telomerase PCR ELISA kit. Telomerase activity was detected in all developmental stages evaluated from immature oocytes to blastocyst stage embryos. Telomerase activity was detected in higher amounts in immature as compared with mature oocytes (p < 0.05). Embryos derived from NT showed a profile of telomerase activity similar to that of IVF. In IVF and NT embryos, telomerase activity was low in the 2-4 cell and 8-16 cell stages, but the activity significantly increased (p < 0.05) at the morula stage, reaching its highest level at the blastocyst stage. In PA embryos, low levels of telomerase activity were detected from the 2-4 cell to the morula stage, and the highest level of telomerase activity was found at the blastocyst stage. Telomerase activity in NT blastocysts is higher than that derived from IVF and the activity is highest in PA blastocysts. These results suggest that the successful reprogramming of telomerase activity in buffalo NT embryos follow a pattern similar to that in embryos derived from IVF and PA.
ISSN: 09366768
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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