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Title: The health belief model and factors relating to potential use of a vaccine for shigel osis in Kaeng Koi district, Saraburi province, Thailand
Authors: Piyarat Butraporn
Alfred Pach
Robert P. Pack
Rungwit Masngarmmeung
Thavorn Maton
Pusadee Sri-aroon
Andrew Nyamete
Wanpen Chaicumpa
Mahidol University
International Vaccine Institute, Seoul
West Virginia University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Environmental Science;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2004
Citation: Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. Vol.22, No.2 (2004), 170-181
Abstract: Shigellosis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Approximately, 1.1 million deaths occur a year due to this disease, making it the fourth leading cause of mortality worldwide. This paper explores local interest in and potential use of a vaccine for shigellosis in Thailand where Shigella poses an important public-health concern. Data for this study were collected during June-November 2002 from 522 subjects surveyed using a sociobehavioural questionnaire in Kaeng Koi district in central Thailand. The community demand and likely use of a vaccine were examined in relation to the Health Belief Model, which provides analytical constructs for investigating the multiple issues of local readiness to accept and access a new vaccine. As the key outcome variable, most respondents showed interest in receiving a vaccine against dysentery which they thought would provide useful protection against the disease. However, there was only a moderate number who perceived dysentery as serious and themselves as susceptible to it, although it was perceived to cause some burden to and additional expense for families. Most people identified a number of groups who were thought to be especially vulnerable to dysentery, such as the elderly, pre-school, and school-age children, and poor labourers. Other outcomes of the study included the identification of acceptable and convenient sites for its delivery, such as government health clinics and private clinics, and respected sources for information about the vaccine, such as health clinic personnel and community health volunteers. This information suggests that components of the Health Belief Model may be useful in identifying community acceptance of a vaccine and the means of introducing it. This health information is important for planning and implementing vaccine programmes. © 2004 ICDDR,B: Centre for Health and Population Research.
ISSN: 16060997
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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