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|Title:||Significant role of bacterial undecaprenyl diphosphate (C<inf>55</inf>-UPP) for rubber synthesis by Hevea latex enzymes|
Prince of Songkla University
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemical Engineering;Materials Science|
|Citation:||Macromolecular Bioscience. Vol.4, No.11 (2004), 1039-1052|
|Abstract:||Washed bottom fraction (BF) membrane-bound particles of centrifuged fresh Hevea latex were found to be very active in rubber biosynthesis (RB). The washed BF membrane (WBM) showed higher RB activity and is strongly stimulated by anionic surfactants - more by DOC than SDS. WBM enzymes system can synthesize rubber either with allylic isoprenes (higher RB) or without (lower RB). Washed rubber particles (WRP), used generally in RB assays, had very low RB activity compared to the much higher activity observed for WBM. Bacterial undecaprenyl diphoshate (C55-UPP) was very active allylic initiator for rubber synthesis by WBM. Comparisons of allylic UPP with the shorter ones (C 15-FPP, C20-GGPP) showed that UPP was the most effective. WBM activity orders were UPP ≫ GGPP > FPP. The DOC activated WBM synthesized less polyprenyl intermediates (butanol extractable) but more final rubber product (toluene/hexane extract), different than FPP and GGPP. WBM enzymes were highly versatile in using diverse different allylics, but UPP was most preferable. WRP was found a little active for UPP with DOC, but still much lower than WBM. Rubber product analysis by RP-TLC with acetone/ hexane solvent system showed that WBM was mostly rubber, but WRP was mainly the intermediates. Quantitative analysis showed that WBM labeled rubber was confined to the origin spot, different than WRP as mainly labeled intermediates. It was thus confirmed that the WBM plays the key role in RB functions, and not WRP as mostly reported. WBM served as the actual rubber synthesis site, and bacterial UPP was very good RB initiator.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2001-2005|
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