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Title: Soil-transmitted helminthiases and health behaviors among schoolchildren and community members in a west-central border area of Thailand
Authors: Malinee T. Anantaphruti
Jitra Waikagul
Wanna Maipanich
Supaporn Nuamtanong
Somchit Pubampen
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2004
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.35, No.2 (2004), 260-266
Abstract: The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminthic infections and health behaviors related to infections in schoolchildren and villagers of a community (4 hamlets) was studied in Hauy Kayeng subdistrict, Thong Pha Phum district, in the north of Kanchanaburi Province. The intestinal helminth infection rate of the schoolchildren was 15.6%. Hookworm infection was the most prominent (9.8%), followed by Trichuris trichiura (6.2%), and Ascaris lumbricoides (2.2%). The community showed higher prevalence rates and was infected with more types of intestinal helminths than the schoolchildren. Thirty-five point two percent (35.2%) of the residents were infected with soil-transmitted helminths, 30.5% with hookworm, 3.4% with A. lumbricoides and 2.2% with T. trichiura. Almost all hookworm cases (94.3%) were light intensity infections, while only 1.3% were heavy infections. Moreover, the hookworm infection rate in the community was found to be much higher when a stool culture method was used (39.1%). With this technique, 2.3% Strongyloides stercoralis infections were detected in the community population. Examination of the health behavior of the study samples showed that approximately 75% always defecated in a toilet. Schoolchildren who always wore shoes comprised 67%, which was lower than the community, at 85%.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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