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Title: Zymogram patterns of Naegleria spp isolated from natural water sources in Taling Chan district, Bangkok
Authors: Supathra Tiewcharoen
Narumon Komalamisra
Virach Junnu
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2004
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.35, No.2 (2004), 275-280
Abstract: A genetic approach was cited for species detection of the ameba genus Naegleria using allozyme electrophoresis to characterize the trophozoite stage of three strains of Naegleria fowleri isolated from patients with primary amebic meningoencephalitis, five thermophilic (45°C) Naegleria spp isolated from natural water sources in the Taling Chan district, and a reference control strain, Naegleria fowleri CDC VO 3081. Isoenzymes of ameba whole-cell extracts were analyzed by vertical polyacrylamide slab gel electrophoresis to determine whether there was any correlation between different strains of the ameba. The results showed that five out of fifteen enzymes; aldehyde oxidase (ALDOX), aldolase (ALD), a-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (a-GPDH), xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH), and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT), were undetectable in the pathogenic strains, while the other enzymes; esterase (EST), fumerase (FUM), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI), isocitate dehydrogenase (IDH), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), leucine aminopeptidase (LAP), malic enzyme (ME), glucose phosphomutase (GPM), and malate dehydrogenase (MDH), were detected. Naegleria fowleri strains were biochemically the most homogeneous. They showed intraspecific isoenzyme variation that allowed them to be grouped. In contrast, the allozyme patterns (EST 1-7, IDH) of Naegleria spp isolated from the environment showed interspecific isoenzyme variations from the pathogenic Naegleria strain. In conclusion, this study recognized the zymograms of the Naegleria fowleri strains were heterogenically different from the thermophilic 45°C Naegleria spp isolated from the environment.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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