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Title: Gender differences in epidemiological factors associated with treatment completion status of leprosy patients in the most hyperendemic district of Nepal
Authors: B. C. Rajendra Kumar
Pratap Singhasivanon
Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand
Punkae Mahaisavariya
Jaranit Kaewkungwal
Somchai Peerapakorn
Krisada Mahotarn
Mahidol University
Tribhuvan University
World Health Organization, Thailand
Thailand Ministry of Public Health
Nepal Agricultural Research Council
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2004
Citation: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. Vol.35, No.2 (2004), 334-339
Abstract: The introduction of multidrug therapy (MDT), recommended by WHO, has been a major advance in the treatment of leprosy because of its relatively short treatment course and low rate of relapse. Although leprosy treatment is provided to both sexes equally, in most parts of the world significant differences have been found in treatment status. The main objective of the study was to investigate gender differences in epidemiological factors associated with treatment status of leprosy patients. An analytic cross-sectional study was carried out in the most hyperendemic Dhanusa District, Nepal. Stratified random sampling was applied for selection of the patients. Statistical analysis of the differences in treatment status, between males and females, and among other epidemiological factors of interest was carried out using multiple logistic regression. Chi-square/Fisher's exact test were also used to assess significant differences in values between males and females. There were 580 leprosy patients (385 male and 195 female) aged >15 years registered for MDT between April 1, 2001 to March 31, 2002 in the 16 main health centers of the district. Of the 580 patients, a total of 273 (183 male and 90 female) were included in the study, to collect data on clinical type of leprosy, patterns of physical deformity/disability, site of skin lesions, and socio-demographic information. There were 183 male (68.3% on MB-MDT) and 90 female (61.1% MB-MDT) leprosy patients. We found that 79.2% of male patients completed treatment, while 34.4% female patients did not complete within the given time frame. Significant gender differences among leprosy patients were found in the distribution of disability grades and treatment completion status. However, there was no significant gender difference in the distribution of leprosy types and skin lesion sites. The study also found significant associations between treatment completion status and gender (adjusted OR 2.05, 95% CI: 1.07-3.94), educational status (adjusted OR 2.37, 95% CI: 1.12-4.99), disability grade I (adjusted OR 3.14, 95% CI: 1.23-8.04), and disability grade 0 (adjusted OR 2.92, 95% CI: 1.14-7.47) after adjustment for all other leprosy/demographic factors.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2001-2005

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