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|Title:||Self-discrepancy and mental health in older women with chronic illnesses|
|Authors:||Susan M. Heidrich|
University of Wisconsin Madison
|Citation:||Journal of Adult Development. Vol.11, No.4 (2004), 251-259|
|Abstract:||Self-discrepancy was investigated as a self-enhancing mechanism by which older women maintain their mental health and psychological well-being while coping with declines in physical health. In this 6-year longitudinal study, the mediating and moderating effects of self-discrepancy on mental health outcomes in older women with chronic health problems were tested. Participants were 103 community-dwelling older women who completed multiple, self-report measures of physical and mental health and self-discrepancy. There was a decline in physical health over time but an improvement in self-discrepancies. Low self-discrepancy (i.e., little discrepancy between the actual and ideal self) mediated and moderated the effects of physical health decline on mental health and psychological well-being. Thus, self-discrepancy appears to play a significant role in maintaining mental health in the face of declining physical health in older women.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2001-2005|
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