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Title: Gnathostomiasis in Thailand: a survey on intermediate hosts of Gnathostoma spp. with special reference to a new type of larvae found in Fluta alba.
Authors: P. Setasuban
S. Nuamtanong
V. Rojanakittikoon
S. Yaemput
P. Dekumyoy
H. Akahane
S. Kojima
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1991
Citation: The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. Vol.22 Suppl, (1991), 220-224
Abstract: To clarify current status of gnathostomiasis in Thailand, a survey on intermediate hosts has been carried out at various localities since 1987. It was found that Fluta alba (Fresh water eel) as well as Channa striata (snake-headed fish) might be important in playing a role of transmitting the infection either among humans or reservoir animals. During the three years from 1987 to 1989, larvae of Gnathostoma spinigerum were found in 80-100% of F. alba obtained from markets in Nakhon Nayok, with a maximum recovery of 2,582 larvae per eel. Among larvae found in these eels, five were peculiar in possessing four rows of hooklets with complicated branches at the base. Epithelial cells of the intestine of these larvae contained 1-2 nuclei. These observations indicate that the larvae are different from those of reported species of Gnathostoma from Thailand including G. spinigerum, suggesting a possibility of the advanced third-stage larvae of G. malaysiae.
ISSN: 01251562
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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