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Title: Pregnancy, nutrition and parasitic infection of rural and urban women in Northeast Thailand
Authors: Sastri Saowakontha
Praneet Pongpaew
Frank P. Schelp
Khaisaeng Rojsathaporn
Chalor Intarakha
Vichit Pipitgool
Udomsak Mahaweerawat
Pisake Lumbiganon
Pote Sriboonlue
Pattara Sanchaisuriya
Niyomsri Vudhivai
Venus Supawan
Erhard Hinz
Axel Hempfling
Dankmar Böhning
Panata Migasena
Khon Kaen University
Mahidol University
Freie Universitat Berlin
Universitat Heidelberg
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine;Nursing
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1992
Citation: Nutrition Research. Vol.12, No.8 (1992), 929-942
Abstract: Outcome of pregnancy as well as nutritional status and intake, haemoglobin, albumin and parasitic infection rate of pregnant women from the villages and of women in a high socio-economic class from the urban sector in Northeast Thailand were investigated. Females in the rural areas get pregnant at a younger age. Generally, the nutritional status of urban women is better than that of their rural counterparts. Differences in haemoglobin between the groups could only be observed at the onset of pregnancy because pregnant rural women were treated frequently with iron tablets. No difference in the albumin level could be observed between groups. Total energy intake was the same in both groups but higher intakes of fat, protein, vitamins and trace elements were found in the group of urban women. Liver fluke infection was associated with lower maternal weight gain in the rural women. 52.3% of the women in the villages had insufficient maternal weight gains below 7 kg, as compared to only 11.5% of the urban women. 15.8% of the babies delivered by the village women and 5.4% by the urban women had low birth weights. In the rural women, the risk of delivering low birth weight babies was more than 3, and of insufficient weight gain, more than 6 times higher than in the urban women. © 1992 Pergamon Press Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 02715317
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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