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Title: HIV Transmission by Seronegative Blood Components: Report of 2 Probable Cases
Authors: P. Isarangkura
W. Mahaphan
P. Chiewsilp
A. Chuansumrit
P. Hathirat
Departments of Pediatrics and Pathology
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-1993
Citation: Vox Sanguinis. Vol.65, No.2 (1993), 114-116
Abstract: HIV seroconversion was reported in 2 haemophiliacs after having corrective orthopaedic surgery. They received solvent‐detergent/heat‐treated factor VIII concentrate, HIV‐seronegative cryoprecipitate and fresh frozen plasma during the course of surgery. HIV seroconversion was found on days 31 and 71 after surgery. It is highly probable that the infections were acquired by transfusions of seronegative blood components. In countries with a relatively low prevalence of HIV infection, transmission of HIV by transfusion of derivatives of seronegative blood is occasionally reported as a rare complication of blood transfusion [1–3]. In Thailand the prevalence of HIV infection and the incidence of new infections in the general population and in blood donors has recently increased dramatically (fig. 1) [4–5]. As a result of these components prepared from HIV‐seronegative blood donations pose a significant hazard to recipients because of the risk of viraemia during the ‘window period’ of HIV infection. Here we report HIV infection in 2 haemophilia patients treated with HIV‐seronegative (using Fujirebio agglutination or second‐generation Abbott ELISA) cryoprecipitate and fresh frozen plasma in 1991, prepared locally from single‐unit donations. All donors were voluntary. Anti‐HIV was tested in every unit of donor blood before processing to blood components. Although not proven, it is highly probable that the infections were acquired by transfusions of seronegative blood components. © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN: 14230410
Appears in Collections:Scopus 1991-2000

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