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Title: Tamoxifen protects against acute tumor necrosis factor α-induced cardiac injury via improving mitochondrial functions
Authors: Yunfeng Zhao
Li Ming Wang
Luksana Chaiswing
Hsiu Chuan Yen
Terry D. Oberley
Yu Chin Lien
Shu Mei Lin
Mark P. Mattson
Daret St. Clair
University of Kentucky College of Medicine
University of Wisconsin Madison
Mahidol University
National Institute on Aging
Wake Forest University
Chang Gung University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2006
Citation: Free Radical Biology and Medicine. Vol.40, No.7 (2006), 1234-1241
Abstract: Tamoxifen is the most commonly used antiestrogen for the treatment of breast cancer. Several clinical trials demonstrate that tamoxifen reduces the risk of heart disease and osteoporosis. However, the mechanism by which tamoxifen causes cardioprotection is unclear. Because increased levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) in tissue and/or plasma have been observed in virtually all forms of cardiac injury, we investigated whether tamoxifen prevents cardiac injury in a murine model of acute TNFα challenge. Five- to six-week-old female mice were injected (ip) with tamoxifen at 0.25 mg/kg daily for 3 or 7 days before receiving an injection of TNFα. Ultrastructural examination of cardiac tissues revealed remarkable protection against TNFα-induced mitochondrial damage in tamoxifen pretreated mice. Tamoxifen treatment significantly improved the mitochondrial respiratory function and enhanced superoxide-scavenging activity of mitochondria. These findings reveal a novel mitochondria-mediated mechanism by which tamoxifen exerts its cardiac protection effect against acute TNFα-induced heart injury. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 08915849
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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