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Title: Association between bone mineral density and erythropoiesis in Thai children and adolescents with thalassemia syndromes
Authors: Pat Mahachoklertwattana
Pensri Pootrakul
Ampaiwan Chuansumrit
Lulin Choubtum
Arporn Sriphrapradang
Rojana Sirisriro
Rajata Rajatanavin
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2006
Citation: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism. Vol.24, No.2 (2006), 146-152
Abstract: Increased marrow erythropoiesis in patients with thalassemia syndromes results in the expansion of bone marrow cavities and consequently decreases bone tissues, leading to osteoporosis. Whether the soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), a marker of erythropoietic activity, correlates with the bone mineral density (BMD) in thalassemic patients has not previously been addressed. Forty-six children and adolescents with thalassemia syndromes, who were either not transfused or suboptimally transfused, were studied. BMD was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Blood samples were obtained in order to determine sTfR and hemoglobin. The patients were categorized into four groups: 1, β-thalassemia/hemoglobin E (β-thal/E) with transfusion-dependency (TD) (n = 18); 2, β-thal/E with transfusion-independency (TI) (n = 15); 3, β-thalassemia major (β-major) (n = 6); 4, hemoglobin H (HbH) (n = 7). All patients had normal serum free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), and 25-OH-vitamin D levels. The BMD of patients in the β-major and β-thal/E with TD groups were not significantly different. In comparison with the β-major and β-thal/E with TD groups, the β-thal/E with TI and HbH groups had significantly higher BMD of the total body (TB), femoral neck (FN), and lumbar spine (LS), as well as higher levels of hemoglobin. In contrast, the sTfR levels of the β-major, β-thal/E with TI, and HbH groups were significantly lower than those of the β-thal/E with TD group. The BMD of TB, FN, and LS was negatively correlated with the sTfR level, but positively correlated with the hemoglobin level. In conclusion, increased marrow erythropoiesis is one of the major determinants of reduced bone mass in thalassemic patients with either no transfusion or suboptimal transfusion. © Springer-Verlag 2006.
ISSN: 09148779
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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