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|Title:||ohrR and ohr are the primary sensor/regulator and protective genes against organic hydroperoxide stress in Agrobacterium tumefaciens|
James M. Dubbs
Chulabhorn Research Institute
Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Immunology and Microbiology|
|Citation:||Journal of Bacteriology. Vol.188, No.3 (2006), 842-851|
|Abstract:||The genes involved in organic hydroperoxide protection in Agrobacterium tumefaciens were functionally evaluated. Gene inactivation studies and functional analyses have identified ohr, encoding a thiol peroxidase, as the gene primarily responsible for organic hydroperoxide protection in A. tumefaciens. An ohr mutant was sensitive to organic hydroperoxide killing and had a reduced capacity to metabolize organic hydroperoxides. ohr is located next to, and is divergently transcribed from, ohrR, encoding a sensor and transcription regulator of organic hydroperoxide stress. Transcription of both ohr and ohrR was induced by exposure to organic hydroperoxides but not by exposure to other oxidants. This induction required functional ohrR. The results of gel mobility shift and DNase I footprinting assays with purified OhrR, combined with in vivo promoter deletion analyses, confirmed that OhrR regulated both ohrR and ohr by binding to a single OhrR binding box that overlapped the ohrR and ohr promoters. ohrR and ohr are both required for the establishment of a novel cumene hydroperoxide-induced adaptive response. Inactivation or overexpression of other Prx family genes (prx1, prx2, prx3, bcp1, and bcp2) did not affect either the resistance to, or the ability to degrade, organic hydroperoxide. Taken together, the results of biochemical, gene regulation and physiological studies support the role of ohrR and ohr as the primary system in sensing and protecting A. tumefaciens from organic hydroperoxide stress. Copyright © 2006, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2006-2010|
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