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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/23432
Title: Traffic of antibody-secreting cells after immunization with a liposome-associated, CpG-ODN-adjuvanted oral cholera vaccine
Authors: Srinuan Somroop
Pongsri Tongtawe
Urai Chaisri
Pramuan Tapchaisri
Manas Chongsa-Nguan
Potjanee Srimanote
Wanpen Chaicumpa
Thammasat University
Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2006
Citation: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology. Vol.24, No.4 (2006), 229-238
Abstract: An oral cholera vaccine made up of heat-treated recombinant cholera toxin (rCT), V. cholerae lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and recombinant toxin-co-regulated pili subunit A (rTcpA), entrapped in liposomes in the presence of unmethylated bacterial CpG-DNA (ODN#1826) was used to orally immunize a group of eight week old rats. A booster dose was given 14 days later. Control rats received placebo (vaccine diluent). The kinetics of the immune response were investigated by enumerating the antigen specific-antibody secreting cells (ASC) in the blood circulation and intestinal lamina propria using the ELISPOT assay and a histo-immunofluorescence assay (IFA), respectively. ASC of all antigenic specificities were detected in the blood of the vaccinated rats as early as two days after the booster dose. The numbers of LPS-ASC and TcpA-ASC in the blood were at their peak at day 3 post booster while the number of CT-ASC was highest at day 4 after the booster immunization. At day 13 post immunization, no ASC were detected in the blood. A several fold increase in the number of ASC of all antigenic specificities in the lamina propria above the background numbers of the control animals were found in all vaccinated rats at days 6 and 13 post booster (earlier and later time points were not studied). Vibriocidal antibody and specific antibodies to CT, LPS and TcpA were detected in 57.1 % and 52.4%, 14.3%, and 19.0% of the orally vaccinated rats, respectively. The data indicated that rats orally primed with the vaccine could produce a rapid anamnestic response after re-exposure to the V. cholerae antigens. Thus, a single dose of the vaccine is expected to elicit a similar anamnestic immune response in people from cholera endemic areas who have been naturally primed to V. cholerae antigens, while two doses at a 14 day interval should be adequate for a traveler to a disease endemic area.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=33847400499&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/23432
ISSN: 0125877X
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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