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Title: Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia in pediatric renal transplantation
Authors: Anirut Pattaragarn
Vip Viprakasit
Suroj Supavekin
Achra Sumboonnanonda
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2006
Citation: Pediatric Transplantation. Vol.10, No.6 (2006), 740-743
Abstract: The aim of the study was to demonstrate clinical course of the first reported cases of PLS in pediatric kidney transplantation and therapeutic outcome for such condition using a combination of high-dose corticosteroid and tacrolimus. We report a single case (a nine-year-old Thai boy) with end-stage kidney disease secondary to obstructive uropathy developed immune-mediated hemolytic anemia from the PLS at second week after a pre-emptive living-related kidney transplantation. The alloimmune hemolysis was a result of anti-B antibodies, derived from blood group O-donor lymphocytes. Using a combination of high-dose corticosteroid and a substitution of cyclosporin with tacrolimus, there was no further hemolysis although the anti-B antibodies remained detectable until the eighth week post-transplantation. An impairment of the graft function because of hemoglobinuria was resolved after the hemolysis was stopped. The alloimmune hemolysis caused by PLS in pediatric kidney transplantation could be controlled with a combination of high-dose corticosteroid and tacrolimus. © 2006 Blackwell Munksgaard.
ISSN: 13993046
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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