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|Title:||Absence of resistance mutations in antiretroviral-naive patients treated with ritonavir-boosted saquinavir|
The HIV Netherlands Australia Thailand Research Collaboration
Hopitaux universitaires de Geneve
Bamrasnaradura Infectious Disease Institute
Khon Kaen University
Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.
Roche Products Limited UK
|Keywords:||Medicine;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics|
|Citation:||Antiviral Therapy. Vol.11, No.5 (2006), 631-635|
|Abstract:||Background: There are few data on the selection of resistance by ritonavir-boosted saquinavir (SQV/r), particularly in antiretroviral (ARV)-naive patients. Objective: To assess the incidence of virological failure and evolution of resistance in ARV-naive individuals receiving SQV/r in the induction phase of the Staccato trial. Methods: ARV-naive subjects (n=272) received SQV/r 1,600/100 mg once daily with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) for at least 24 weeks. Patients were defined as having virological failure (VF) when there were two consecutive HIV-1 RNA measurements >500 copies/ml after week 12. Viral genotypes (reverse transcriptase [RT] and protease [PRO]) were determined at baseline in all patients and as close as possible to the time of initial failure in patients experiencing VF. Results: VF was observed in 9/272 patients receiving SQV/r 1,600/100 mg once daily with two NRTIs (3.3%) and occurred 19-48 weeks after treatment initiation. Eight of these patients were evaluable at failure. No major PRO mutations were detected, but 2/8 displayed single new minor PRO substitutions (M36I, L1OI) at VF that were known or suspected not to have been present at baseline; both these substitutions exist as natural polymorphisms. A third patient displayed a single new RT mutation (M1841). Conclusions: SQV/r plus two NRTIs (1,600/100 mg once daily) is an effective initial treatment option for ARV-naive patients, resulting in a low rate of viral rebound (3.3%). Furthermore, no major protease mutations were detected following VF, suggesting that future treatment options are preserved. © 2006 International Medical Press.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2006-2010|
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