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Title: Thailand Diabetes Registry Project: Current status of dyslipidemia in Thai diabetic patients
Authors: Thongchai Pratipanawatr
Petch Rawdaree
Thanya Chetthakul
Pongamorn Bunnag
Chardpraorn Ngarmukos
Yupin Benjasuratwong
Rattana Leelawatana
Natapong Kosachunhanun
Nattachet Plengvidhya
Chaicharn Deerochanawong
Sompongse Suwanwalaikorn
Sirinate Krittiyawong
Sirima Mongkolsomlit
Chulaluk Komoltri
Khon Kaen University
Vajira Hospital
Maharat Nakhon Ratchasrima Hospital
Mahidol University
Phramongkutklao Hospital
Prince of Songkla University
Chiang Mai University
Rajavithi Hospital
Chulalongkorn University
Theptarin General Hospital
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2006
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.89, No.SUPPL. 1 (2006)
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia in adult Thai type 2 diabetes who attended diabetes clinics in university and tertiary-care hospitals. Material and Method: A cross-sectional, multi-center, hospital-based diabetes registry was conducted in 11 diabetic clinics in tertiary medical centers in Bangkok and major provinces between April and December, 2003. A group of 9,419 diabetic patients were registered. Individual Demographic data including education and socioeconomic status were collected. The results of the physical examination for complications, history screening and laboratory results were recorded. The prevalence of the various complications of diabetes was analyzed and the percentage achievement of metabolic control calculated. Results: Of the 9,419 diabetic patients registered 8,769 had complete demographic and plasma lipid data. Mean age was 59.5 □ 13.3 years. The percentage of male patients was 33.9%. In the present study, there were 8464 type 2 diabetes and 383 type 1 diabetes. History of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease were present in 8.1 and 4.2 percent of the patients, respectively. More than 80% of the patients had dyslipidemia. The patients with CVD had higher proportion of achieving the LDL target (< 100 mg/dl, 43 vs 34%). More than half of the patients (55%) were taking lipid lowering medications, but onethird (30%) did not despite having fulfilled indications. The patients covered by government supported health plan were less likely to received lipid-lowering medication than the patients covered by private health plans(OR 0.65, 95%CI 0.57-0.75). The two most commonly used lipid-lowering agents were HMG CoA reductase inhibitors (76%) and fibrates (19%), both agents were used in combination in 5% of the patients. Only 40.1% of the patients on lipid-lowering medications reached the target LDL goal (<100 mg/dl). Conclusion: Elevated LDL cholesterol was the most common lipid abnormality in the present study. Although 55% of the patients were taking lipid lowering agents, another 42% of the patients needed the medication. More than half of the patients treated needed more intensive lipid lowering in order to achieve the LDL goal. If the authors wish to follow the current(2005) American Diabetes Association recommendations, we would have to treat up to 97% of diabetic patients with lipid lowering agents.
ISSN: 01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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