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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/23683
Title: Use of HIV postexposure prophylaxis in healthcare workers after occupational exposure: A Thai University Hospital setting
Authors: Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul
Bunchong Wannaying
Sirirat Tonsuttakul
Pranee Kehachindawat
Siriluk Apivanich
Somporn Somsakul
Kumthorn Malathum
Mahidol University
Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2006
Citation: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand. Vol.89, No.7 (2006), 974-978
Abstract: Background: PostExposure Prophylaxis (PEP) is widely used after exposures to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) to reduce the risk of infection in the healthcare setting. Few data are available on the safety and tolerability of Anti Retro Viral drugs (ARV) among Health Care Workers (HCWs) who are prescribed prophylaxis. Objective: To collect information about the safety and compliance of taking ARV for HIV PEP among HCWs. Material and Method: Retrospective review on registry data regarding occupational HIV exposures, the PEP regimens used, and the adverse events associated with PEP was performed. Results: During a five year-period, 820 episodes with occupational blood or body fluid exposures were reported. Nurses (27%) were the largest group at risk. The most common type of exposure was percutaneous injuries (82%). Only 125 (15%) HCWs had occupational exposures to HIV, 64 HCWs were prescribed HIV PEP and 32 (50%) HCWs did not complete the PEP regimen as initially prescribed. The commonly prescribed ARV was zidovudine (38%), lamivudine (33%), and indinavir (11%). Overall, 18 (28%) HCWs reported symptoms while on PEP, such as nausea (89%), vomiting (55%), and dizziness (39%). None of the HCWs had HIV seroconversion. Conclusions: Adverse effects from HIV PEP were very common. Clinicians prescribing HIV PEP need to discuss with HCWs about PEP efficacy and side effects. Education efforts aimed at occupational exposure prevention are still important issues.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=33746191791&origin=inward
http://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/dspace/handle/123456789/23683
ISSN: 01252208
01252208
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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