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Title: Resistance of transgenic papaya plants to Papaya ringspot virus
Authors: S. Kertbundit
N. Pongtanom
P. Ruanjan
D. Chantasingh
A. Tanwanchai
S. Panyim
M. Juříček
Mahidol University
Institute of Experimental Botany of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2007
Citation: Biologia Plantarum. Vol.51, No.2 (2007), 333-339
Abstract: The coat protein gene isolated from Papaya ringspot virus, Thai isolate, was used to generate transgenic papayas. A binary vector containing the coat protein gene under the control of a 35S promoter, was constructed and transformed into somatic embryos of papaya cultivar Khak Dum by microprojectile bombardment. Eight transgenic lines were identified from 1980 bombarded calli of papaya somatic embryos under kanamycin selection. Integration of the transferred genes into kanamycin resistant papaya calli was verified by PCR amplification of the coat protein gene, GUS assays and Southern blot hybridization. Although the coat protein gene was detected in all transgenic lines, only line G2 was found to be highly resistant to virus. This resistant line showed high degree of rearrangement of the inserted coat protein expression cassette while the coat protein gene itself had a deletion of 166 bp on the 3' end of its sequence. Although the transcription of the coat protein gene was detected in all transgenic lines by RT-PCR, only two transgenic papayas expressed the intact coat protein. Moreover, in the resistant line G2 the amount of the truncated coat protein mRNA was significantly decreased. These results point to an RNA mediated mechanism of coat protein mediated resistance in papaya, probably based on post-transcriptional gene silencing. © 2007 Institute of Experimental Botany, ASCR.
ISSN: 00063134
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2006-2010

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